Constitutional Science. Being the English Version of a work entitled “Lecciones De Derecho Constitucional” by Eugenio M. de Hostos.
“Hostos’s work and ideas have influenced the intellectual discourse of Latin America for more than 125 years…”
Original typed manuscript, in two volumes, with modest manuscript emendations and corrections. An unpublished translation of lawyer, philosopher, educator and Puerto Rican independence advocate, Eugenio María de Hostos’ lectures on constitutional law—here translated as “Constitutional Science.” The book was first published in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, in 1887, where Hostos wrote the book and lived out his final years.
“Hostos was educated in Spain, where he wrote La peregrinación de Bayoán (1863, a political novel, and fought for the short-lived republic of 1868. His hopes that Puerto Rico might be granted autonomy with Santo Domingo and Cuba in a confederation of the Antilles were dashed by the imperialist altitude of the Spanish republicans. Hostos is remembered not only as a patriot, but also as an enlightened teacher, dedicated to progress and truth. His best-known work. Moral Social (1888), is a guide to ethical social conduct, which was designed as as a school text. He also wrote an excellent essay (1872) on Hamlet.” (Benet’s)
Hostos has also been described as an anti-slavery activist, “Latin America’s first scientific sociologist, and an early champion of inclusiveness…” Further:
“His contributions to educational philosophy and pedagogy were liberating and transformative: through education, people would be better social contributors and realize their individuality; mothers would become better equipped and be better teachers of their children; societies would be civilized; nations would become modern and develop their potential. In Chile, he argued vigorously for the scientific education of women, and in the Dominican Republic, he founded normal (teacher schools for men, and with Dominican poet Salomé Ureña, he opened teachers school for women, called “normal.”) schools for men and women, a kindergarten, and a night school for workers.”
“Eugenio María de Hostos’s work and ideas have influenced the intellectual discourse of Latin America for more than 125 years, making a tremendous contribution to Caribbean identity, culture and political development. He died in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic on August 11, 1903. He is buried in the Panteón Nacional de la Patria in the colonial district of Santo Domingo. Per his wishes, his remains shall stay in the Dominican Republic until his Puerto Rico is an independent Republic.” (“About the Man, Eugenio María de Hostos” accessed online)
We do not find any published translations in English.
3731767 De Hostos Notes
Ref. Hostos, Eugenio María de, Lecciones de Derecho Constitucional, Semblanza por Juan Mari Bras (Lima, 2006), pp21–22; 31–32.
p21–22 De 1879 a 1889 ejerce la cátedra en varias disciplinas en la República Dominicana y funda la Escuela Normal para maestros y maestras. Dicta sus Lecciones De Derecho Constitucional que luego sus discípulos, al reropilar sus notas, hacen posible la publicación de las mismas en un texto pionero de esa disciplina en la América hispanohablante. Su concepto del Derecho como una rama de la Sociologia se funda en un principio muy distinguible del de los téoricos politico de Europa y Norteamérica. Mientras éstos han ubicado siempre el Estado como la fuente última de poder, para Hostos el pode último reside en la Sociedad y no en el Estado. ... Con tales principios como fundamento escencial de su ideología, y su accionar político y personal—que es lo más importante—Hostos no contemporizó jamás con ninguna usurpación de la soberanía del pueblo. Por eso se manifesto vigorosamente contra tiranos y usurpadores del poder del pueblo por todos los países en que vivió. El oportunismo politíco, que ahora le llaman <
> no entró jamás en las categorías de la moral social hostosiana.
[“From 1879 to 1889 he held the chair in several disciplines in the Dominican Republic and founded the Normal School for teachers. He delivered his Lectures on Constitutional Law, which his disciples then, by compiling his notes, make possible their publication in a pioneering text of that discipline in Spanish-speaking America. His concept of law as a branch of sociology is founded on a principle quite distinguishable from that of the political theorists of Europe and North America. While they have always placed the State as the ultimate source of power, for Hostos the ultimate power resides in Society and not in the State. ... With such principles as the essential foundation of his ideology, and his political and personal actions —which is the most important thing— Hostos never compromised with any usurpation of the people’s sovereignty. That is why he vigorously spoke out against tyrants and usurpers of people’s power throughout the countries in which he lived. Political opportunism, which is now called <
> never entered the categories of Hostosian social morality.”]
p31 ¿Cuáles fueron los autores y sus respectivas obras que consultó Hostos?
[“What were the authors and their respective works that Hostos consulted?”]
TD writing See pp31–32:
When composing his “Lectures,” Hostos consulted several texts fundamental to United States law. These include The Federalist Papers (1787–1788), Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitutional History of the Colonies and States, Before the Adoption of the Constitution (3 vols., 1833), and several works by Thomas Jefferson such as A Summary View of the Rights of British America (1774) and the Declaration of Independence (1776).
Description: Constitutional Science. Being the English Version of a work entitled “Lecciones De Derecho Constitucional” by Eugenio M. de Hostos.
Nahant, Massachusetts and Mt. Holly Springs, Pennsylvania, [ca. 1910s]. Two Volumes. 229pp and 258pp. 4tos. Stiff paper covers; metal post binding. Rubbing to spine and edges of cover; first two leaves in Vol. I loosened; contents are very good.
Note. We know little about the translator, A.F. Hunt, Jr., who lived in Nahant, Essex County, Massachusetts and then Mount Holly Springs, Pennsylvania.