[Confederate Virginia Imprint] Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office, Richmond, December 13, 1862. General Orders, No. 104 [caption title].
Illustrated in Parrish & Willingham (2429), this Confederate General Order was issued during the Battle of Fredericksburg.
The battle was fought in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia and is considered the most one-sided Confederate victory of the war. Union Army casualties were more than double those of the Confederacy.
Adjutant and Inspector General Samuel Cooper’s orders are particularly aimed at protecting Confederate States’ civilians and enforcing military discipline: “I. Encampments of troops near towns and villages must be avoided…”; “III. Private property is invariably to be respected, and must not be taken or used, except when indispensable for the public service…”; “IV. The reckless destruction of fencing, wood and other property of the citizens…cannot be too strongly condemned.” Etc.
Cooper “remained throughout the war the highest ranking officer of the Confederate army. [He] was one of Davis’s closest friends and confidants, and their very intimacy suggests that the president consulted the staff officer frequently on military issues.” (ANB)
Description: [Confederate Virginia Imprint] Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office, Richmond, December 13, 1862. General Orders, No. 104 [caption title].
Richmond [Virginia]: Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office, 1862. p. Bifolium. 7¾ x 5 inches. Faint toning and foxing; Very Good.
Parrish & Willingham 2429.