[Signed by Rosa Parks et al:] “Rosa Parks Wouldn’t Budge” within American Heritage, February 1972.
February 1972 issue of American Heritage magazine featuring the article “Rosa Parks Wouldn’t Budge” about her key role in the second phase of the African American civil rights movement. This copy signed on the endpaper by Rosa Parks during Black History Month, 1987. It is further signed by African American attorney, Fred Gray (b.1930) who defended Parks after her controversial arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. “During the Montgomery bus boycott, Gray’s leadership and legal counsel played a crucial role in the successful desegregation of Montgomery buses.”¹
The ten-page, illustrated article by Janet Stevenson is subtitled “When one weary woman refused to be harassed out of her seat in the bus, the whole shaky edifice of Jim Crow began to totter.” It tells the story of the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott which began when Parks refused to give up her seat on a segregated public bus to a white passenger.
Parks’ resistance to discrimination and her defiance of the law contributed, in part, to the rise of the young Montgomery minister, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.—via her collaboration with him in Montgomery, and to the Alabama U.S. District Court decision in Browder v. Gayle that bus segregation is unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Article author Janet Stevenson adapted material in this article for her children’s book The Montgomery Bus Boycott, December, 1955; American Blacks Demand an End to Segregation (New York, 1971).
From the library of an African American bibliophile, we surmise this copy of the hardcover magazine was signed by Rosa Parks at a Black History Month event in West Chester, Pennsylvania.
Description: [Signed by Rosa Parks et al:] “Rosa Parks Wouldn’t Budge” within American Heritage, February 1972.
New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1972. Volume XXIII, Number 2 (February, 1972). 111, pp. 11¼ x 8¾ inches. Pictorial paper-covered boards. Signed and dated by Rosa Parks on the free front endpaper. Near fine.
Note. 1. Gray, Fred David, Sr. | The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute [Stanford University] accessed online.