[1894 Eastman Business College Friendship Album augmented with Calligraphy Drawings and Original Photographs].
“Facebook”-like handwritten college friendship album with 190 original photographs
With 190 identified miniature portrait albumen photographs within, this Eastman Business College friendship album was kept by J. W. Hertzog of Exeter Station [now Lorane], Pennsylvania. The album serves as a graduation souvenir from this Poughkeepsie, New York school; it is handsomely laid out and includes, in addition to the photographs, decorative page designs and numerous calligraphic drawings.
The photographs in Herzog’s friendship album show administration and faculty members as well as his classmates from across the country and from Mexico, Canada, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Columbia, Belize, and Japan. Like a yearbook, the typical student’s entry includes a photograph, the name and home town and/or state or country of the student, the student’s autograph, and, almost always, a sentimental inscription.
Students came from all over the United States, as far away as Texas. Foreign students include two from Veracruz, Mexico, two from Tokyo, Japan, both of whom write in Japanese and English (K. Morimura—who inscribed “Victory or Death” above his autograph—and J. Adada), and E. Cassina from Havana, Cuba.
Within the album there are 12 calligraphic drawings of various birds (including an eagle and a swan), a human head, quill pens, etc.; six of these are full-page. In addition there is an ownership leaf, a title page, and two pages of faculty photographs, each of which has been augmented with calligraphy. There is also one comic illustration.
The small, postage stamp-sized or “gem” portrait photos appear to have been photographically printed as a single large sheet. Each individual photo, perforated at its edges like a stamp, has been separated from this larger photo sheet and mounted within each student’s entry. Toward the end of the album there are three pages where some photos were grouped together and arranged in a diamond pattern or in grids. Each photo is captioned with image with the students name; at the top is the photographer’s credit: “C.H. Gallup, Poughkeepsie, New York, Stamp Portraits.”
Notable among the portraits is Eastman Business College president Clement Carrington Gaines (b.1857) and his wife, Mary Minerva née Clark Gaines, the widow of the college’s founder, Harvey G. Eastman (1832–1878). Another page, signed by penmanship instructor Prof. Davis, is augmented with a calligraphic drawing of a quill pen, likely added here by the professor.
It is interesting to note that Eastman Business College was not merely a school for teaching theory. Students gained practical experience in the business arts of the time by actually performing the tasks that would be expected of them in their working careers. For example, in the back of the book there is a diagram of assigned positions at the “E.C. Bank [Eastman College Bank]” for Tuesday May 10, 1894, listing clerks, book-keepers, tellers, cashiers, etc.
Friendship album keeper, J. W. Hertzog, whose portrait appears on the first page, appears to have been assigned to another training bank at the college, the “T.N. Bank. [Tenth National Bank]” Further evidence of real work experience is evident on the album’s final page where colorful impressions from numerous rubber stamps that were used at the Eastman College and Tenth National banks fill the page.
A visually interesting late Victorian friendship album, kept by a man, augmented with original calligraphic drawings and numerous photographic portraits.
Description: [1894 Eastman Business College Friendship Album augmented with Calligraphy Drawings and Original Photographs].
[Poughkeepsie, New York, 1894].  leaves. Autograph Album. 10 x 8 inches. Full, flexible, pebbled burgundy leather; all edges gilt; “Autographs” stamped in gilt on upper cover. Approx.  pages of manuscript; 12 calligraphic drawings (including 6 full-page), plus 4 leaves with calligraphic decorations and one comic drawing; one page decorated with rubber stamps; and 190 postage stamp-sized photographs mounted within. Binding worn at head and tail of spine with some separation; light wear to edges; hinges starting; lacks two photographs; otherwise, very good.