Autograph Manuscript Quotation Signed on Law by Francis Lieber, German-American Jurist, Author of the Lieber Code.
A poetical quotation fittingly appeals to the rule of law
Quotation on law handwritten by German-American Francis Lieber (1798 or 1800–1872), legal and political theorist and author of the Lieber Code on the conduct of soldiers in wartime, which rules had an influence upon the post-WWII Geneva Conventions.
Lieber’s book, A Code for the Government of Armies in the Field, as Authorized by the Laws and Usages of War on Land (1863), became the basis of a set of instructions issued by President Abraham Lincoln as General Orders No. 100.
The Lieber Code also affected international law. According to ANB, “[t]hese instructions were later influential on the accords that emerged from The Hague Conference of 1899 and 1907.” The Hague Conventions on land and naval warfare, incorporating Lieber’s principles, were revised after WWII becoming the Geneva Conventions presently in force.
Lieber’s manuscript poetical quotation fittingly appeals to the rule of law:
Let Emperor never rule this land,
Nor fitful Crowd, nor senseless pride;
Our Master is our self-made Law
To him we bow, and none beside.
Lieber was born in Berlin, received his Ph.D. at Jena in 1820, and emigrated to the United States in 1827. “He assisted Alexis de Tocqueville and Gustave de Beaumont in their gathering of statistics on the penitentiary system in the United States and then translated and annotated their finished volume in 1833. ... [In 1856, he] accepted Columbia College’s offer of a chair as well as the honor of titling it. By his own design he became professor of history and political science, thereby becoming the first officially named political scientist in America. ... Eulogies that compared him to Tocqueville and Montesquieu were generous indeed. More sober remembrances were later made by Elihu Root, who praised Lieber as “a patron saint” of the study of international law, and by Merle Curti, who deemed him “the most significant figure” in developing a theory of American nationalism.” (ANB)
Description: Autograph Manuscript Quotation Signed on Law by Francis Lieber, German-American Jurist, Author of the Lieber Code.
[Np. nd., 19th century.] p. A.M.Q.S. Square 8vo. Bifolium. Folds, near fine.