[1801 Autograph Document Signed by Alexander Lindsay, Earl of Balcarres, Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica, Revolutionary War Officer, and Duelist of Benedict Arnold].
Lindsay put down an insurrection in Jamaica of free black slave descendants known as “Maroons”
Alexander Lindsay (1752–1825) was the 6th Earl of Balcarres, British army officer, veteran of the American Revolution who fought at the Battle of Saratoga, and Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica. Lindsay dueled with American General Benedict Arnold (1741–1801). After Arnold fired, Lindsay refused to return fire and walked away saying “I leave you to the executioner.” From 1795 to 1801, he served as Jamaica’s lieutenant-governor and was promoted to lieutenant-general. In the Caribbean at this time, there were widespread slave rebellions. His heavy-handed reaction, use of dogs, and deportation of “Maroons” was controversial.
Here, Lindsay approves payment to a deputy judge advocate for a court martial presided over by a Col. Carmichael. Lindsay boldly signs his name here in the style of a British peer: “Balcarres.” The document is also signed by the deputy judge advocate, Aleyne Hampden Pye, acknowledging that he was paid £24 for allowances, document copying, and stationery. Captain Pye, as he was ranked at this time, served many years in the British army in the West Indies. He was later Deputy Quartermaster General of Jamaica and, in 1821, was promoted to Major General.
Description: [1801 Autograph Document Signed by Alexander Lindsay, Earl of Balcarres, Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica, Revolutionary War Officer, and Duelist of Benedict Arnold].
[Jamaica], May 14, 1801.  page, Quarto. English laid paper watermarked “1796.” Docketing on verso. Folds; some toning; very good with a bold signature.
Refs. ODNB and The Gentleman’s Magazine, January, 1833 (London, 1833), p95.