Oration on the Principal Duties of Americans; Delivered before the Washington Society…on Thursday the 4th of July. With the Farewell Address of the Hon. William Drayton…
Presentation Copy from Thos. S. Grimké
Fourth of July address delivered in the immediate aftermath of the Nullification Crisis by Thomas S. Grimké, South Carolina lawyer, education reformer, and peace advocate. This copy is inscribed by Grimké to Professor D. Howe Allen of Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Like his more famous sisters, abolitionist and women’s rights advocates Sarah Moore Grimké and Angelina Grimké Weld, Thomas S. Grimké was a noted progressive social reformer in the ante-bellum South. As a slave holder he eschewed anti-slavery efforts, though he did support the work of the American Colonization Society to “repatriate” American slaves back to Africa. He was a strong advocate for education in South Carolina (serving on the boards of the American Institute of Education and the American Education Society), was president of the Charleston Bible Society, and is considered the “‘father of the temperance movement’ in South Carolina” (ANB).
In his oration, Grimké praises the Founding Fathers and upholds the primacy of the Union and the U.S. Constitution. Accompanying his address, the pamphlet prints Col. William Drayton’s (1776–1846) farewell address. Drayton, “an implacable foe of nullification” (DAB), defends the federal union against South Carolina’s attempts to nullify the Tarriffs of 1828 and 1832.
Prof. D. Allen Howe, D.D., to whom the pamphlet is inscribed, taught theology at Lane Theological Seminary. Howe succeeded the seminary’s first president, Lyman Beecher (father of Harriet Beecher Stowe), as professor of systematic theology.¹ Thomas Grimké‘s brother-in-law, Theodore Weld, studied at Lane Theological Seminary and was a leader of the abolitionist student group called the “Lane Rebels.”
Description: Oration on the Principal Duties of Americans; Delivered before the Washington Society…on Thursday the 4th of July. With the Farewell Address of the Hon. William Drayton…
Charleston [South Carolina]: Printed by William Estill, 212 King Street, 1833. [i]–iv, –39, [1 (blank)]pp. Removed pamphlet. Printed green wrappers; sewn. Inscribed by author on upper cover: “D. Howe Allen, Prof. M. and N. T., Marietta, Ohio, from Thos. S. Grimké.” Foxed and browned; brief wear to upper wrapper; lacking rear wrapper, else very good.
Sabin 28860. Note. 1. Pamphlet Souvenir of the Sixtieth Anniversary in the History of Lane Theological Seminary… (Cincinnati, 1890), p36.